Interacting with a bare-metal compute service {#guide-102-baremetal}

A wrench::StandardJob can be submitted to a bare-metal compute service via a job manager. For instance:

// Get the first bare-metal compute service (assuming there's at least one)
auto bare_metal_service = *(this->getAvailableComputeServices<wrench::BareMetalComputeService>().begin());

// Create a job manager
auto job_manager = this->createJobManager();

// Create a simple standard job with 4 workflow tasks
auto job = job_manager->createStandardJob(
                  this->getWorklow()->getTaskByID("task4")}, {});

// Submit the job to the bare-metal service
job_manager->submitJob(job, baremetal_cs);

//  Wait for and process the next event (should be a standard job completion or failure)

In the above, the bare-metal service will make all decisions for deciding how to allocate compute resources (i.e., cores) to tasks. In fact, several properties (see class wrench::BareMetalComputeServiceProperty) can be set to change the algorithms used by the service to determine resource allocations.

In some cases, the WMS may want to influence or enforce resource allocations for the tasks in the jobs. For this purpose, the wrench::JobManager::submitJob() method takes an optional service-specific argument. This argument is a std::map<std::string, std::string> of key-value pairs. The key is a task ID, and the value is the service-specific argument for that task.

For each task, an optional argument can be provided as a string formatted as "hostname:num_cores", "hostname", or "num_cores", where "hostname" is the name of one of the service's compute hosts and "num_cores" is an integer (e.g., "host1:10", "host1", "10"):

In the above example, for instance, the job submission could be done as:


// Create a service-specific argument
std::map<std::string, std::string> service_specific_args;

// task1 will run on host Node1 with as many cores as possible
service_specific_args["task1"] = "Node1";

// task2 will run on host Node2 with 16 cores
service_specific_args["task2"] = "Node2:16";

// task3 will run on any host with as many cores as possible
service_specific_args["task3"] = "";  // could be omitted altogether

// task4 will run on some host with 4 cores
service_specific_args["task4"] = "4";

// Submit the job
job_manager->submitJob(job, baremetal_cs, service_specific_args);


If the service-specific arguments are invalid (e.g., invalid hostname, unknown task, number of cores too large), the wrench::JobManager::submitJob() method throws a wrench::WorkflowExecutionException.

See the WMS implementation in examples/basic-examples/bare-metal-bag-of-tasks/TwoTasksAtATimeWMS.cpp for a more complete example.