Interacting with a HTCondor compute service

A wrench::HTCondorComputeService instance is essentially a front-end to several “child” compute services. As such, one can submit jobs to it, just like one would do to any compute service, but it then “decides” to which service these jobs will be delegated. In fact, an execution controller can even add new child compute services to be used by HTCondor dynamically. Which child service is used is dictated/influenced by service-specific arguments passed or not passed to the wrench::JobManager::submitJob() method.

The examples code fragments below showcase the creation of a wrench::HTCondorComputeService instance and its use by an execution controller. Let’s start with the creation (in main). Note that arguments to service constructors are omitted for brevity (see the execution controller implementation in examples/workflow_api/condor-grid-example/CondorWMS.cpp for a complete and working example).

// One BareMetalComputeService instance
std::shared_ptr<wrench::BareMetalComputeService> some_baremetal_cs;

// Two BatchComputeService instances
std::shared_ptr<wrench::BatchComputeService> some_batch1_cs;
std::shared_ptr<wrench::BatchComputeService> some_batch2_cs;

// Create a HTCondorComputeService instance with the above
// three services as "child" services
auto htcondor_cs = simulation->add(
     new wrench::HTCondorComputeService("some_host",
                                        {some_baremetal_cs, some_batch1_cs, some_batch2_cs}));

// One CloudComputeService instance
std::shared_ptr<wrench::CloudComputeService> some_cloud_cs;

Let’s now say that an execution controller was created that has access to all 5 above services, but will choose to submit all jobs via HTCondor. The first thing to do, so as to make the use of the cloud service possible, is to create a few VM instances and add them as child services to the HTCondor service:

// Create and start to VMs on the cloud service
auto vm1 = some_cloud_cs->createVM(...);
auto vm2 = some_cloud_cs->createVM(...);
auto vm1_cs = some_cloud_cs->startVM(vm1);
auto vm2_cs = some_cloud_cs->startVM(vm2);

// Add the two VM's bare-metal compute services to HTCondor

So, at this point, HTCondor has access to 3 bare-metal compute services (2 of which are running inside VMs), and 2 batch compute services.

Let’s consider an execution controller that will submit wrench::StandardJob instances to HTCondor. These jobs can be of two kinds or, in HTCondor parlance, belong to one of two universes: grid jobs and non-grid jobs. By default a job is considered to be in the non-grid universe. But if the service-specific arguments passed to wrench::JobManager::submitJob() include a “universe”:“grid” key:value pair, then the submitted job is in the grid universe. HTCondor handles both kinds of jobs differently:

  • Non-grid universe jobs are queued and dispatched by HTCondor whenever possible to idle resources managed by one of the child bare-metal services. HTCondor chooses the service to use based on availability of resources.

  • Grid universe jobs are dispatched by HTCondor immediately to a specific child batch compute service. As a result, these jobs must be submitted with service-specific arguments that provide values for “-N”, “-c”, and “-t” keys (like for any job submitted to a batch compute service), as well as a “-service” key that specifies the name of the batch service that should run the job (this argument is optional if there is a single child batch compute service).

In the example below, we show both kinds of job submissions:

// Create a standard job and submit it to HTCondor as a non-grid job,
// which will thus run it on one of its 3 child bare-metal compute services
auto ng_job = job_manager->createStandardJob(...);
job_manager->submitJob(ng_job, htcondor_cs, {}); // no service-specific arguments

// Create a standard job and submit it to HTCondor as a grid job,
// which will run it on the specified child batch compute service.
auto g_job = job_manager->createStandardJob(...);

std::map<std::string, std::string> service_specific_args;
service_specific_args["-N"] = "2"; // 2 compute nodes
service_specific_args["-c"] = "4"; // 4 cores per compute nodes
service_specific_args["-t"] = "3600"; // runs for one hour
service_specific_args["universe"] = "grid"; // Grid universe
// Set it to run on the first batch compute service
service_specific_args["-service"] = batch1_cs->getName();

job_manager->submitJob(g_job, htcondor_cs, service_specific_args);

The above covers the essentials. See the API documnetation for more options, and the code in the examples/workflow_api/condor-grid-example/ directory for working/usable code.

Anatomy of the HTCondor Service

The in-simulation implementation of HTCondor in WRENCH is simplified in terms of its functionality and design when compared to the actual implementation of HTCondor. The wrench::HTCondorComputeService spawns two additional services during execution, wrench::HTCondorCentralManagerService and wrench::HTCondorNegotiatorService, both of which loosely correspond to actual HTCondor daemons (collector, negotiator, schedd). Their use is fully automated and transparent to the WRENCH developer.